Canada is now the second nation to legalize cannabis
The recreational use of cannabis will now be legal in Canada. Uruguay was the first country in the world to legalize marijuana back in 2013. This happened after the senate passed a bill C-45 (The Cannabis Act) making this the law of the land. Fulfilling one of the liberal government’s main campaign promises.
That makes Canada the second nation in the world to legalize the recreational use of cannabis nationwide. The main aim of legalization according to Prime Minister Trudeau is to keep cannabis away from children and reduce crime.
Here are the broad lines of the Bill.
Adults will be able to carry and share up to 30 grams of legal cannabis in public. Private citizens will be allowed to grow a maximum of up to four plants in their homes and prepare cannabis based products such as edibles for personal use.
Each province will set the rules for the sale and distribution of cannabis within their borders. Consumers will be expected to purchase cannabis from retailers regulated by provinces, territories, if neither of those options are available — federally licensed producers. Cannabis will also not be sold in the same location as alcohol or tobacco.
The Canadian government has also implemented changes to their impaired driving laws, to address repercussions for driving under the influence of cannabis.
The minimum age as set by the law is 18 years, as it stands only Quebec and Alberta have maintained the legal age of consent at 18 years. It also makes the production, distribution, or sale of cannabis products an offense for minors.
While provinces can increase the minimum age, the intent is to continue to discourage Canadian youth from pot use, by establishing many of the same restrictions that exist for cigarettes and other tobacco products.
This is a great start but let’s keep in mind that it’s just that a start. In the upcoming weeks we will be taking a closer look at what legalization will look like in each Province and Territory individually.